Frank White: The Overview Effect - Space Exploration and Human Evolution

More than 30 years ago, Frank White coined the term “Overview Effect” to describe the cognitive shift in awareness that results from the experience of viewing Earth from orbit or the moon. He found that, with great consistency, this experience profoundly affects space travelers’ worldviews—their perceptions of themselves and our planet, and our understanding of the future. White found that astronauts know from direct experience what the rest of us know only intellectually: we live on a planet that is like a natural spaceship moving through the universe at a high rate of speed. We are, in fact, the crew of “Spaceship Earth,” as Buckminster Fuller described our world.


In The Overview Effect, Third Edition Frank White expands on his original concept, which has now gained worldwide recognition and exposure. Using interviews with and writings by numerous astronauts and cosmonauts, he describes space exploration and settlement as necessary next steps in the evolution of human civilization and consciousness. The third edition features new interviews with many astronauts, space advocates, and New Space entrepreneurs.



Robert Poole: Earthrise - How man first saw the Earth

The most important result of the space age was that mankind first saw the Earth. At Christmas 1968 the crew of Apollo 8 became the first people to journey to the Moon, and the first to behold the whole Earth. Their photo, 'Earthrise', changed mankind's view of itself. From the first pictures of the curved horizon to the modern eco-renaissance, Earthrise tells for the first time the story of the twentieth-century discovery of the Earth.


Earthrise recreates the extraordinary moment when mankind saw the Earth for the first time. At the apex of human progress the question was asked ‘where next?’ and the answer came: ‘home’. Apollo returned to Earth and environmentalism took off. Earthrise was the defining moment of the twentieth century. Here, for the first time, is a short history of the whole earth.



Planetary Collective: OVERVIEW